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Key Parts for Ultra-Low-Noise Synthesizer Design (.PDF Download)

Welcome to Part 4 of this 5-part series on ultra-low-noise synthesizer design. Part 1 introduced advanced loop design and included both passive and active filters. Part 2 covered noise sources in the loop outside of the synthesizer integrated circuit (IC). Part 3 added synthesizer IC noises and how they are modeled, as well as how all of the noise sources are combined and shaped by the loop.

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