Graphene-Based Phase Shifters Pave The Way for Terahertz Inter/Intra-Chip Communication

Nov. 28, 2013
A novel design for terahertz phase shifters intended for phased antenna arrays has been proposed.
Download this article in .PDF format
This file type includes high resolution graphics and schematics when applicable.

In the near future, vector modulators, beamforming networks, phased-array antennas, and phase discriminators made from integrally gated graphene-based waveguides may allow for the realization of sub mm-wave electronic switches and tunable loaded lines. At the University of Texas at Austin, terahertz (THz) antenna phase shifters made from integrally gated graphene parallel-plate waveguide (GPPWG) transmission lines have been proposed by Pai-Yen Chen, Christos Argyropoulos, and Andrea Alu. With theoretical and numerical demonstrations, several analog and digital phase shifters for THz frequencies based on GPPWG were shown to exhibit low loss, compact size, low phase error, and wide phase shift ranges for enhanced phase tuning capabilities.

The results demonstrated by the proposed analog, digital, and loaded line phase shifters could be attributable to the strong surface plasmon polariton wave localization of the graphene-based waveguides used in the designs. Other potential advantages include the capability to tune the propagation constant and the characteristic impedance of the waveguides by controlling the doping of the graphene components. 

To solve the possible matching issues with loaded-line phase shifters, multistage GPPWG tunable matching networks could be placed between the loaded lines. These matching networks would be tuned by biasing the graphene layers to achieve the desired phase shifts. Analog phase shifters in the THz frequency range could be realized by creating variable inductors from GPPWG by adding a graphene monolayer.

Practical high-speed digital phase shifters require stable high-speed switches. A GPPWG switch could be the solution when integrated with a double gate, enabling the use of the gate voltage for controlling the switch electrically with an effectively biased gate section. See “Terahertz Antenna Phase Shifters Using Integrally-Gated Graphene Transmission-Lines,” IEEE Transactions On Antennas And Propagation, April 2013, p. 1528.

Download this article in .PDF format
This file type includes high resolution graphics and schematics when applicable.
About the Author

Jean-Jacques DeLisle

Jean-Jacques graduated from the Rochester Institute of Technology, where he completed his Master of Science in Electrical Engineering. In his studies, Jean-Jacques focused on Control Systems Design, Mixed-Signal IC Design, and RF Design. His research focus was in smart-sensor platform design for RF connector applications for the telecommunications industry. During his research, Jean-Jacques developed a passion for the field of RF/microwaves and expanded his knowledge by doing R&D for the telecommunications industry.

Sponsored Recommendations

Wideband MMIC LNA with Bypass

June 6, 2024
Mini-Circuits’ TSY-83LN+ wideband, MMIC LNA incorporates a bypass mode feature to extend system dynamic range. This model operates from 0.4 to 8 GHz and achieves an industry leading...

Expanded Thin-Film Filter Selection

June 6, 2024
Mini-Circuits has expanded our line of thin-film filter topologies to address a wider variety of applications and requirements. Low pass and band pass architectures are available...

Mini-Circuits CEO Jin Bains Presents: The RF Engine of the 21st Century

June 6, 2024
In case you missed Jin Bains' inspiring keynote talk at the inaugural IEEE MTT-S World Microwave Congress last week, be sure to check out the session recording, now available ...

Selecting VCOs for Clock Timing Circuits A System Perspective

May 9, 2024
Clock Timing, Phase Noise and Bit Error Rate (BER) Timing is critical in digital systems, especially in electronic systems that feature high-speed data converters and high-resolution...