references & tools

Coaxial Connector Frequencies
Connector Frequencies: Coaxial

Coaxial Connector Frequencies Coaxial cable connectors are a fundamental component for interfacing with RF devices up to hundreds of gigahertz. The frequency handling capability of coaxial connectors is based upon the dimensions of the inner and outer conductors, as well as the quality of precision in which the parts of the coaxial connector are constructed. Coaxial connectors are generally designed with either 50 or...Read More

Waveguide Connector Frequencies
Connector Frequencies: Waveguides

Waveguide Connector FrequenciesWaveguides and coaxial cables are the most common transmission line types, which carry electromagnetic energy efficiently. Coaxial cables operate by supporting a transverse electromagnetic (TEM) wave internal to its structure, while waveguides support either transverse magnetic or transverse electrical modes. The chart provides details on the frequency behavior of the most common coaxial and waveguide standards....Read More

Coaxial & Waveguide Connector Frequencies
Connector Frequencies: Coaxial & Waveguide

Coaxial & Waveguide Connector FrequenciesWaveguides are true to their name, and act as one-dimensional paths for electromagnetic radiation (EMR) within a certain range of frequencies. The bouncing nature of EMR within a waveguide only allows for a certain range of frequencies, or modes, to be efficiently guided through any specific size of waveguide. This is why a given waveguide has an upper and lower cutoff frequency of...Read More

Frequency Nomenclature
Frequency Nomenclature: Kilohertz to Terahertz

Frequency NomenclatureElectromagnetic (EM) radiation, when properly manipulated, can be controlled to produce signals over a definable path that can carry information. The information embedded in an EM signal, or telecommunications signal, travels through the atmosphere according to the varying properties of the radiation that carries it. The behavior of EM radiation carrying telecommunication signals depends largely on the frequency, or...Read More

Frequency Spectrum
Frequency Spectrum & Allocations

Frequency SpectrumFrom microwave ovens, heat we can feel, to the non-visible radiation of dancing cosmic bodies, electromagnetic radiation (EMR) is responsible for much of our technology and our perspective of the universe. EMR is photonic energy transfer with properties that vary along a continuous spectrum from infinitesimally close to zero cycles per second (Hz) to theoretically infinite cycles per second. With clever manipulation...Read More

Wireless Coexistence
Wireless Coexistence: From 300 MHz To 6 GHz

Wireless CoexistenceIn a highly competitive technology world with a limited spectrum, many wireless standards are forced to struggle over the few megahertz of bandwidth allowed to them. This struggle is intensified as these various standards are often occupying the same...Read More